Java

Java with its 136 million inhabitants is one of the most densely populated regions in the world and one of the most vulnerable places to the effects of climate change in South-east Asia. Indonesia's increasingly overpopulated capital Jakarta is located in the north of the island. Java is of volcanic origin with a mountainous back bone that runs through the centre of the island. South of the equator in-between Sumatra and Bali, the yearly average temperature here is 22°C to 29°C and the humidity is agonisingly high at around 75 percent.

Indonesia is usually in the news for the third largest Co2 emitter, deforestation of it’s bio diverse forest, palm oil and the destruction of peatland carbon sinks. But it is here climatic problems such as droughts, shifting precipitation patterns and floods will have the biggest impacts on livelihoods, health, food security and water outlined in the UNDP report.

Industrial pollution and luxury apartments side by side on the low-lying shoreline of Jakarta. A predicted rise in sea level of 5 centimetres by 2025 will be magnified by the city itself sinking an average of 5 centimetres per year. Jakarta is already vulnerable to flooding and rising tidal surges.

Just above sea levelFloodedTraditional dressMangrove protectionWatching togetherDrawing competitionThree generationsIsland sunsetLow tideAfter darkNight fishingHome in the seaSea eagleBiawakIsland fishingSamiah, Thousand islands, IndonesiaGenerationsRima, Thousand Islands, IndonesiaInu, Thousand Islands, IndonesiaSymbiotic life ThreatenedSoft coralShore line protectionHard coralMarine education centerForest of the seaCoral rehabilitationDisappearingThe way to schoolSmog over the cityWater pollutionHarbour slumsUrban areas by the seaShop in the harbourPlaying chessLife in the harbour slumsKids in the harbourPerformance monkeyVulnerable coastDoomed areaPlaying in the wasteLiving in the slumsRickshawsUptown JakartaTraffic in the city centreRubbishDangerous