Sumatra

Fifteen percent of Sumatra is still covered with peatland rainforest, but the area is shrinking at a fast pace. A recently published report Status of Peatland Degradation and Development in Sumatra and Kalimantan shows that only 4 percent of the peatland on these two islands remains intact, 37 percent is under a varying degree of degradation. Remaining peatland rainforest has become a more than important refuge for endangered species like the Orang-utan and the Sumatran Tiger.

The entire tropical peatland ecosystem in this region is in great danger from the destructive logging methods that have been used for decades. Methods of drainage, slash-and burn and mosaic plantations have had an enormous impact on the biodiverse forest system. When the peatland rainforest is transformed into plantations, channels are carved into the landscape to drain the boggy land to make it suitable for acacia, eucalyptus and palm. This method also has immediate knock on effects in the surrounding area as water streams and lakes become acidified. The situation makes the entire rainforest vulnerable to accelerated peat decomposition. The addition of catastrophic fire episodes pumping gigatons of carbon into the atmosphere makes Indonesia the third biggest emitter of greenhouse gases in the world.

Recently destroyed peatland forest outside village Teluk Meranti. The destruction of peatland forest contributes to Indonesia being labelled the third largest emitter of carbon dioxide in the world, after the US and China. When the forest is removed, carbon uptake is halted. Vast amounts of carbon are then released back into the atmosphere as exposed soil and organic matter rapidly decompose. Indonesia's old growth forests are estimated to hold over 300 tons of carbon per hectare.

Dead forestUnique forestBurnt peatlandLoading Palm OilPalm oilRefelcted forest in peat waterThe catchDrying fishIn the air to JambiScarred landscapeCut outDrainingThe draining linePaper and pulp factoryA glimpse of what wasLast standingCut throughIntactOrang centreMother and daughterTrainingForest reintroduction trainingHanging outEndangered intellectualBack in the cageA familiar handPeatland rootsDrinking from the forestOld Peatland ForestFish left out to dryThe Junus familyDomesticated rare speciesChildren of the villageConcernedSistersSwimming in the SerkapPowerlessMohammed YusufFishing hutsLungsCanoeingDeep in the forestStuck in the jungleDark brown waterSteeringLong journey for small catchPristine forestPeatland forestDiversityReflectionOn the equatorLiving with natureSunriseDeclining fish catchStop the loggingFour generationsRolling upDug out canoeFishing villagePelangiSunrise over the peatlandSunrise over the peatlandJoining protestsThe storm ahead